Periodontitis is a fancy word for what is commonly known as gum disease or periodontal disease. If gingivitis (advanced plaque build-up) is left untreated, and there is a continual increase of bacterial growth in your mouth, your condition can advance into periodontitis. This is a very serious condition because it causes pockets or spaces to form in between your gums and teeth. These spaces began to collect debris and can easily become infected. The bacteria/plaque can spread below the gum line, which causes toxins to produce that break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. As a result if left untreated, tooth loss can occur due to this destruction of tissue. Common causes of gum disease include hormonal changes, serious illnesses, certain medications, bad habits such as smoking, poor oral hygiene habits, and family genetics.
Gum disease can progress without producing many obvious signs. Even though they are subtle, there are certain symptoms of gum disease that you should watch out for. A very common symptom is if your gums began to bleed during or after brushing your teeth. Other symptoms include red, irritated, or swollen gums, persistent bad breath, a receding gum line, spaces/pockets that form between your teeth and your gums, and loose or shifting teeth. Sometimes gum disease will only affect certain teeth, often the molars. In order to officially determine the progression of gum disease, a visit to the dentist is required.
There are both non-surgical and surgical options to treat periodontitis depending on the severity of your condition. The goal of all treatment plans is to promote the reattachment of your gums to your teeth.
The first non-surgical treatment is a professional dental cleaning. During a dental cleaning all plaque and tartar are removed. Having a dental cleaning more than twice-a-year is usually recommended for patients who have gum disease.
The second non-surgical treatment option is scaling and rooting. This is a deep-cleaning procedure that goes above and below the gum line to remove plaque and tartar. The dentist will also smooth rough spots that are found on the tooth root, which removes the bacteria and promotes healthy gums to reattach to your teeth. This is a good treatment plan if it is established that there is plaque and tartar below your gums.
Surgical treatments for gum disease might be necessary; the first option is flap surgery/pocket reduction. During the procedure the gums are lifted back so all tartar/plaque can be removed. The gums are then placed so that the tissue fits around the tooth snugly thereby decreasing the chance of harmful bacteria growing back.
The second surgical treatment is bone grafts. The procedure takes a small sample of either your own bone or synthetic bone, to replace the bone that has been damaged by gum disease. These grafts promote regrowth of bone, which will restore the stability of your teeth.
The third surgical treatment is soft tissue grafts. During this treatment grafted tissue often taken from the roof of your mouth is used to reinforce or fill-in places where your gums have receded.
The last surgical treatment is guided tissue regeneration. This procedure inserts a small mesh-like piece of fabric in-between the bone and gum tissue. This stimulates bone and tissue growth by keeping the gum tissue from growing where the bone should be.
Periodontitis is completely preventable when proper oral hygiene habits are in place, along with regular professional teeth cleanings. Establishing regular brushing, and flossing habits along with the use of an antibacterial mouth rinse, significantly reduces bacterial growth. Having a professional dental cleaning at least twice a year is also pivotal to having healthy gums and teeth, do not skip them!
Let us eliminate your pain, quickly and easily! Contact us today to schedule an examination at (951) 677-5113 for our gum disease treatment in Murrieta!